Ancient Egypt?s History
Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile River in large part because the river?s annual flooding ensured reliable, rich soil for growing crops.
The Egyptians kept written records using a writing system known as hieroglyphics. Some writing was preserved on stone or clay, and some was preserved on papyrus, a paper-like product made from reed fiber. Papyrus is very fragile, but due to the hot and dry climate of Egypt, a few papyrus documents have survived.
Repeated struggles for political control of Egypt showed the importance of the region in terms of its agricultural production and the economic resources that its highly complex social organization produced.
Egyptian rulers used the idea of divine kingship and constructed monumental architecture to demonstrate and maintain power.
Ancient Egyptians developed wide-reaching trade networks along the Nile, in the Red Sea, and in the Near East.
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